Auriga’s reforestation activity in Way Kambas National Park has been running since 2013. The program itself is an effort to bring back greenery to the park as well as re-creating a home for the endangered wildlife roaming surround the park, such as tiger, rhinoceros, and elephant, that lost their habitat due to illegal logging and annual forest fire.
With 60 hectare, Auriga have been attempting to spread tree seedlings in its reforestation area namely Rawa Kadut. As of April 2015, a total of 22.800 trees were included within our reforestation area. The number was supposedly higher, but the forest fire in 2014 had dramatically reduced the plants quantity by 90 per cent or 8.500 trees we planted in the first year.
Despite such obstacle, in the first two years there have been hopeful developments seen by Auriga’s team who are assigned in the field. Some saw elephant waste, which indicates the presence of the big animals around reforestation area. Often, our team watch other animals passing by the forest we are building.
The program is now in its third year, where we expect to plant an amount of 8.400 trees.
Back to the start
The program began with data gathering and location survey. After a survey, the team decided to pick Bungur as its pioneer area as it is considered as representative and strategic for it is located near the border of the park. The area is surrounded by riparian vegetation and lowland. Bungur was also a main habitat for wildlife such as tiger, rhinoceros, and elephant. For the first three years, the reforestation area covers for 60 hectare.
There area three main area surveyed in Bungur each known as Camp Andi, Serayu and Rawa Kadut. The latter was then chosen as reforestation location based on several reasons: (a) the area had never been reforested and its location is quitely remote and is also rarely monitored; (b) the area is located in the middle of Bungur Resort with massive thatch covering for 30.000 hectare. Having located in the middle will actually help the extension of reforestation in the long term; and (c) there is a river that has relentless resource throughout the year as a source for plant breeding, care and mitigation for forest fire.
The method used in the reforestation program is multi-plot cropping patterns, or by by creating terraces in the field. In September 2013, the team had done measurement, mapping and installment of 100 stakes in 60 hectare of land, which divided into six planting lines and six reed lanes or open area. Similar method was used in the second year and we are progressing to the third year, deeming to use the same working scheme.
Several types of plants we have in our nursery plants are among others: Puspa (Schima sp), Sungkai (Pheronema sp), Jambon (Euginia sp), and others.
Currently Auriga’s team in Way Kambas National Park is developing a green design to seek for a reforestation model suitable to bring back forest function at the national park. The activity covers from data collection, data analysis and daily trees planting as mentioned before. As for now, the team is still collecting data as well as conducting reforestation while at the same time looking for the most fitted design for the national park.
Auriga is also included within a consortium along with several organizations named the Center for Sumatra Tiger Conservation (PKHS), the Alliance of Integrated Sustainable Forest (Alert) and the School of Biology of Lampung University. The consortium responsible for carrying out several aspects in order to protect the national park including its habitat, as well as bringing the benefit for local communities through ecotourism. In the consortium, Auriga takes part in reforestation aspect, which is in line with its main agenda in the park.